CBD Terpenes: What You Need to Know
Diving into some of the best advice and tips for finding natural terpene solutions online. Here’s what you need to know about CBD terpenes
Do you ever wonder what gives CBD products their distinct fragrance and flavors? That would be the CBD terpenes—and they do more than just offer up a unique scent.
Terpenes are naturally occurring compounds found in all plants, and they’re becoming more and more well known for their health benefits and contributions.
To learn more about CBD terpenes and what they do, keep reading.
What Are CBD Terpenes?
Scientifically speaking, terpenes are organic hydrocarbons that naturally exist in the essential oils of plants. The term terpene is often used interchangeably with terpenoid—however, it’s important to note that they are separate entities.
Terpenoids are modified terpenes that undergo a chemical curing process to dry them out. This alters the oxygen content and chemical makeup within the terpenes. However, that’s not necessarily a bad thing.
Terpenes are responsible for the fragrances that all plants give off. Every time you get a whiff of a beautifully fragrant flower, Christmasy pine, or citrus from fruit—it’s coming from their specific terpenes. Of course, their claim to fame has come primarily from cannabis.
Whether they come from flowers, fruits, cannabis, or other common plants, terpenes offer a wealth of health benefits. These compounds are revered within the aromatherapy and essential oil community for their ability to stimulate the olfactory system as well as their topical applications.
Some of those benefits include:
- Relieving stress, anxiety, and mild depression
- Relieving headaches, muscle soreness, achy joints, rashes, and acne
- Lowering blood pressure and heart rate
- Increasing alertness, energy, and uplifting the mood
- Increasing circulation
Terpenes are also what wards of predators in nature as well as attract pollinating species.
The Most Common Terpenes Found in CBD Oil:
While there are hundreds of terpenes that exist within nature, at least 200 have been found to exist within the cannabis plant. These terpenes are why you can find strains that smell like blueberries, or cheese, or something else that may register as good or bad within your nose.
Industrial hemp is a different story, however. Unlike marijuana, there are only a few types of terpenes that exist within the hemp variety of cannabis. That’s why some brands add extra terpenes to their CBD products.
These are the most common types of terpenes found in CBD:
Carophylline is typically found in peppercorns, cloves, and cinnamon. It gives off a spicy and woody aroma and acts as an analgesic and an inflammatory compound. Caryophyllene is one of the most unique terpenes because it interacts and works with the endocannabinoid system, creating a synergistic effect on the body.
Pinene is the terpene found in pine needles, which is the scent most associated with Christmas. Of course, it occurs in plenty of other common plants and even some citrus fruits. Pinene is said to have therapeutic benefits that have been used in Chinese medicine for centuries.
Pinene acts as an anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory compound as well as a bronchodilator.
Linalool is another very common terpene, and not just in hemp. Linalool is the delicate, floral, and fragrant aroma that comes from lavender. Linalool—both natural and synthetic—is probably the most common scent added to beauty products because it smells heavenly and also promotes relaxation and sleep.
Linalool also has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which work with its soothing nature to help with skin conditions as well.
Myrcene is the terpene responsible for the common “dank” smell of cannabis. It’s often described as herbal or earthy; sometimes dirt-like. It’s also the smallest terpene found within the cannabis plant. However, it’s small but mighty as it’s known for its strong ability to produce a sleepy effect on its users.
Myrcene also posses antibacterials and pain-relieving compounds, making it very popular within the medical community.
Limonene is the terpene that smells exactly how it sounds. This terpene is responsible for the citrusy scent in citrus fruits—namely, lemons. Limonene is well known as a powerful anti-fungal compound. It’s also known for uplifting the mood of whoever takes in its awakening aroma.
Aside from being a mood booster, limonene is also able to reduce inflammation—and it’s unique in that it has the power to increase the absorption rate of the other terpenes it comes in contact with.
Humulene is most commonly associated with its “hoppy” flavor and aroma. This terpene is most noteworthy as an appetite suppressing agent as well as an anti-inflammatory agent.
Why Are Terpenes Important?
Terpenes are essential to both CBD and THC products. They offer up an entire menu of benefits that complement the work that cannabis does. Most people agree that CBD products that include terpenes are much more valuable than those without, which is especially true for those who turn to CBD for specific conditions.
Terpenes allow for tailor-made CBD products. They are the difference between a CBD oil specifically designed for those with insomnia and a CBD oil designed to elevate a person’s mood or promote focus.
In terms of CBD for vaping, terpenes not only add to the aroma, but the natural flavor as well. Overall, CBD terpenes are essential to CBD products for both their health benefits and their contribution to the user’s overall experience with their aromas.
Terpenes + the Entourage Effect
CBD terpenes also play an important role in what is known as the entourage effect. This is especially true for terpenes like caryophyllene, which interact with and influence our cannabinoid receptors directly. Others, like the aforementioned limonene act as amplifiers when they come in contact with other terpenes and plant compounds.
This phenomenon is the synergistic workings of all the compounds within a whole plant CBD extract to heighten and strengthen its benefits. That’s why it’s always recommended to purchase full-spectrum CBD products.
We Love Terpenes
CBD terpenes are absolutely essential to CBD products. Not only are they beneficial therapeutically and pharmacokinetically, but they defeat the need for synthetic flavoring and additives in your products—keeping your products as pure as possible.