Wondering How Is CBD Oil Made? Read This To Find Out!
CBD oil goes through many steps before arriving at your home. Read this if you’re wondering how is CBD oil made, and how it goes from a plant to the bottle!
The CBD market could reach $20 billion by the year 2024. With the market booming, more people are trying CBD for themselves and CBD oil is a good place to start.
But how is CBD oil made? Understanding more about the process can help to clarify some terms you may not understand. For instance, what’s the difference between full-spectrum CBD and isolate CBD anyway?
Discover more about how CBD is made before it makes its way to store shelves.
What Is CBD Oil Made From?
CBD (Cannabidiol) is a cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. There are 113 different cannabinoids found in cannabis but you’re most likely familiar with CBD and THC.
Although you can find many plants that produce phytocannabinoids (naturally occurring cannabinoids in plants), the hemp plant is the best source for CBD.
So what’s the difference between CBD and THC?
THC is a psychoactive compound found in cannabis that gives you the “high” many people associate with marijuana.
THC and CBD occur in both marijuana and hemp. The difference is that marijuana produces much more THC while hemp has more CBD.
Licensed farmers can now grow hemp as long as it contains less than 0.3 percent of THC. If CBD is pure it shouldn’t cause you to fail a drug test, but only if it’s pure.
There are two types of CBD products you’ve likely seen on the market: full-spectrum and isolate CBD.
Full-spectrum CBD may offer more benefits since it’s minimally filtered, leaving many of the residual cannabinoids and terpenes. But isolate CBD is a purified cannabidiol that contains zero THC.
How Is CBD Oil Made? It Starts with a Clone
By law, hemp cannot contain more than 0.3 percent of THC. But pollen on the wind from a wild hemp plant or cannabis plant can impact the THC/CBD ratio.
So how do farmers ensure the hemp plant doesn’t reproduce and mix traits with the pollen of a wild cannabis plant?
To prevent reproduction, farmers may plant only female plants. Using a female plant clone can make it easier to ensure your crop doesn’t change.
They’re Grown at a Cannabis Farm
Did you know hemp was once a staple crop on every farm in America? It wasn’t always classified as illegal.
Recently, the Industrial Hemp Farming Act removed federal restrictions on the growth and sale of hemp or hemp products. A CBD farm, or hemp farm, can now grow hemp and hemp products.
Farmers can grow hemp but they must have a license or have authorization through the USDA hemp program. Their crop must also undergo testing to ensure it contains the legal amount of THC.
Crops with higher levels of THC are by law considered marijuana. Farmers must dispose of these crops.
The Different Extraction Methods
Once harvested, the hemp plants must air dry in a well-ventilated area. This prevents mold or mildew from growing on the plant and ruining it.
Once dry, it’s time to remove the flower from the rest of the plant. At this point, there are several different methods that farmers can use to extract the CBD oil.
CO2 (Carbon Dioxide)
CO2 extraction is one of the most popular methods of extracting CBD oil. This process uses carbon dioxide and special equipment to extract the CBD oil.
CO2 can function as a solid, liquid, and a gas making it uniquely useful. Specialized equipment like closed-loop extractors can create phase changes using high pressure and low temperatures.
The machine takes liquid CO2, which absorbs the plant oils, and pumps it through the chambers. At the end of the process, the CO2 transforms again into a gas, leaving the CBD oils behind.
The specialized equipment needed for this process is expensive, but the result is a more potent product with fewer residual solvents.
Ethanol and Liquid Solvents
Liquid solvents like ethanol can also absorb and extract the CBD oil. Another liquid solvent often used is butane.
Although cheaper than using CO2, some of the plant waxes get destroyed in the process. These plant waxes could have beneficial properties.
Another potential drawback is the chance that liquid solvents may carry impurities. But making adjustments to the extraction equipment can fix some of these issues.
Olive oil is also often used to extract CBD oil. This is one of the oldest techniques for extracting cannabis oil. It’s also considered one of the safer and less expensive methods of getting CBD oil.
The downside is that oil is perishable and the product must stay in a cool and dark place.
The Winterization Process
To get pure CBD oil without any traces of THC, the oil must go through a winterization process. This creates isolate CBD without any other cannabinoids.
The winterization process removes fats, waxes, lipids, and other unwanted materials. Through an extraction process, terpenes are also removed.
The mixture then goes through a distillation process. It’s filtered and refined until each compound is separated and isolated.
The Entourage Effect
Isolate CBD is ideal for people that want to avoid even the smallest traces of THC. But CBD oil that maintains other compounds of the plant may provide extra benefits.
Full-spectrum CBD may have the added benefit of the “entourage effect”. According to the entourage effect, terpenes can affect and work together with other compounds in CBD. This can create an effect that’s more potent than what those compounds would produce on their own.
Thanks to the entourage effect, full-spectrum CBD might work better with your body’s natural endocannabinoid system.
The Oil Is Lab-Tested
Before CBD oil makes it to market, it has to go through testing. Testing by an unaffiliated, third-party lab ensures the product’s purity and strength.
After testing, it can get bottled, combined with a carrier oil, or added to the intended product. At this point, it’s ready for the consumer.
Trying CBD for Yourself
How is CBD oil made? It starts at a hemp farm and goes through many processes before making it to the shelf. So the next time you pick up a bottle of CBD oil for yourself, you can appreciate the long process.
Ready to try CBD for yourself?
If you’ve never had CBD oil but you want to try it, start with a tincture. CBD tinctures are one of the most popular ways to enjoy the benefits of CBD.